Banana Fruit Facts and Health Benefits 101

Facts about Banana

Banana is definitely one of the well-known fruit available in the tropics and also the most commonly consumed. Southeast Asian countries are home to tons of banana varieties, starting from the little and plump lady's fingers which have fine slim skins to the lengthy, crescent-shaped banana featuring its thick protective skin.

The banana tree is able to grow as tall as 10 meters in height and is basically a huge perennial herb that grows a whole new trunk each year and then dies back soon after it has already flowered and fruited. This particular fruit is in fact a berry. An entire "hand" of bananas may weigh as heavy as 45 kilograms.

Banana varieties:

  • Cavendish could be the variety you are aware of from the stores. It is actually a stout variety which produces huge heavy bunches.
  • Lady Fingers are taller and slender trees and produce sweeter fruit.
  • Plantains are generally cooking bananas. They are usually drier and starchier. You make use of them green just like you use potatoes.

Ripe Yellow Bananas

Growing Banana

The perfect temperature range for growing banana is about 26-30C (78-86F). You would need plenty of water to plant bananas. The large tender leaves evaporate much; therefore you have got to maintain the supply. Bananas further need pretty high humidity to become happy.

You would need really rich soil. And also you have to have space in order to grow plenty of the trees together. Bananas require shelter from blowing wind. You ought to grow bananas in blocks, neither single rows nor single plants. In case you have little space, you can plant a couple of banana trees together and plant some other crops on the outside just to shield them.

Buying Tips of Bananas

Try to find bananas that are firm, bright to look at, and also clear of bruises and some other injuries. The condition of ripeness is shown by skin color. Ideal-eating quality is reached once the firm yellow color appears to be specked in brown. At this particular stage, the flesh would be mellow and the taste is completely developed. Bananas having green tips as well as with absolutely no yellow color never have developed their entire flavor potential.

Stay away from bruised fruit, discolored skins, and a lifeless, greyish, aged physical appearance.
Sometimes, the skin could be fully brown yet the fruit flesh is still in perfect condition.

Storing Tips of Bananas

Keep bananas inside a sealed paper bag at normal temperature as long as they are still not yet ripe.
Put an apple inside the bag in order to accelerate ripening. The apple emits ethylene gas, which in turn causes the fruit to ripen.

When bananas become ripe - which is, yellow in appearance, speckled with a little brown - place them inside your fridge, ideally at about 10C or 50F. Store for a maximum of two weeks.

After cut, sprinkle by using citrus juice to prevent them from browning way too quickly.

Health Benefits of Bananas

Below are some important banana health facts:

  • Minimizing Depression. Bananas have tryptophan, an amino acid which may be changed to serotonin, resulting in much better mood.
  • Improving Anemia. Bananas are comparatively rich in iron that often assists your body's hemoglobin function.
  • Stabilizing Constipation and Diarrhea. Because of their content of dietary fiber, they help bring back an ordinary bowel function. Moreover, diarrhea normally depletes the body of essential electrolytes. Additionally, they contain pectin, a type of soluble fiber which will help stabilize movement via the digestive tract.
  • Protecting Eyesight. Report released by the Archives of Ophthalmology has verified that adults eating a minimum of three portions of fresh fruit a day possess a lowered possibility (by 36%) of getting age-related macular degeneration (ARMD), the main reason behind vision impairment in older adults, as compared to individuals who eat below 1.5 portions of fresh fruit daily.
  • Promoting Healthy Bones. Eating bananas is an extremely great way to obtain fructooligosaccharide, a substance which nourishes probiotic microorganisms in the colon. All these useful bacteria generate enzymes which boost your own digestive capability and shield you from harmful bacteria infections. As a result of fructooligosaccharides, probiotic bacteria are able to increase in amount and efficiency, improving your body's capability to absorb calcium.
    Furthermore, green bananas comprise short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) which have been incredibly nutritious to the body cells that generate the mucosa in the stomach. All these cells, whenever healthy, take in calcium far more efficiently.
  • Promoting Healthy Kidney. Report released by the International Journal of Cancer indicates that regular intake of whole fresh vegetables and fruits, specifically bananas, is remarkably protective to kidney wellbeing. The final results conclude that, over a lengthy timeframe (about 13. 4 years), females consuming over 2.5 portions of fresh vegetables and fruits a day reduce the possibility of kidney cancer by 40 percent. On the list of fruits, bananas were particularly protective. Females consuming bananas 4-6 times weekly halved the risk of getting the ailment as compared to people who failed to consume the fruit. The final outcome of the research is that regular intake of fresh vegetables and fruits, particularly bananas, cabbage along with root vegetables, could cut down possibility of kidney cancer. The reason is, bananas and several root vegetables contain substantial volumes of antioxidant phenolic substances, and at the same time cabbage is said to containing more sulphur, essential for efficient cleansing of possible carcinogens.
  • Lowering Blood Pressure. Bananas are very high in potassium (approximately 4670 mg), yet extremely low in sodium content (about 1 mg), thus getting a superb ratio for stopping hypertension. It has gone to the extent that the US Food and Drug Administration have authorized the banana industry to claim the capability of the fruit in lowering the risk of hypertension and stroke officially.
  • Soothing Heartburn. Bananas possess a natural antacid impact in your body, so in the event you experience heartburn symptoms, try having a banana to get soothing relief.
  • Getting Rid of Morning Sickness. Eating bananas in between meals assists you to maintain blood-sugar levels in place and stay clear of morning sickness.
  • Getting Rid of Smoking Habits. Bananas may also assist individuals attempting to quit smoking. They have vitamins B6 and B12 along with potassium and magnesium. All these contents aid your body restore from the consequences of nicotine withdrawal.
  • Lowering Risk of Stomach Ulcers. This is actually the one and only raw fruit which can be consumed with no problems in over-chronicle situations. What's more, it helps cut down acidity and diminishes irritation. Bananas stimulate those cells around the inner stomach lining to form a thicker mucus (that protects against acid). Furthermore, bananas have protease inhibitors which help wipe out bacteria inside the stomach which have been blamed to be a main cause of ulcers.
  • Improving Nerve Function. Bananas are rich in B vitamins which have already been proven to further improve nerve function.
  • Relieving Mosquito Bites. Some people claim that rubbing the inner peel of a banana over a mosquito bite can be quite helpful in eliminating itching and swelling.
  • Relieving Stress. Bananas are rich in potassium, that helps stabilize the heart beat and also control your body's fluid balance. During times of high stress, the body's potassium levels are usually quickly depleted. Consuming bananas is definitely a healthy method to rebalance them without having to use medicines.
  • Reducing Risk of Stroke. As reported by research in The New England Journal of Medicine, consuming bananas in an everyday diet is able to lower the danger of loss of life due to strokes by around 40 percent.

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